The Geological Faculty of the University of Kyiv was founded in 1944. Among its graduates are many scientists and globally recognized geologists – dozens of academicians, Corresponding Members, Doctors of Science, Laureates of State Prizes and Shevchenko Honored scholars of Science and Technology, not to mention discoverers of large amounts of buried resources.
Graduates of the faculty are experts in a wide range of activities: geological surveying; exploration for oil and gas, metallic and nonmetallic minerals, and groundwater; mining, geological engineering research, conservation; environmental and economic analysis and ecological impact assessment of mineral resources; environmental monitoring of the geological environment; mineralogy and gemology; vocational and higher education and so on.
Training of Geological Specialists is provided by seven departments:
Students are educated in six specialties: geology, geochemistry and mineralogy, hydrogeology, geophysics, oil and gas geology and geoinformatics.
Geology studies the genesis and long-term geological development of our planet, its structure, composition and the patterns of deposits of various natural resources. The complexity of the subject means there is considerable variety in the geological sciences.
Specialists in the geological field practice a number of specialties all based on a basic geological education, which are provided by the Department of General and Historical Geology and the Department of Geology of Mineral Deposits in Bachelor’s and Master’s degree programs. These departments prepare highly qualified geologists and scholars in the specialties of paleontology and stratigraphy, structural analysis, geological surveying, prospecting, exploration and economic evaluation of mineral deposits.
Geochemistry and mineralogy - the main branch studies the material composition of minerals, rocks, ores, other natural resources, soils and waters. It deals with raw materials and environmental pollution, problems of rational use of mineral resources, building materials and solid industrial waste. Within this speciality are mineralogists, geochemists, petrographers, experts studying semi-precious stones, as well as technical and experimental petrology.
Hydrogeology and engineering geology is a complex, independent science of groundwater and is thus important to the different needs of the economy. Students become proficient in such disciplines as engineering and geological studies, particularly for the protection and restoration of historical and architectural monuments; geological and economic evaluation of reserves of potable water, technical and mineral groundwater; environmental impact assessment and environmental audit; environmental and economic analysis of mineral resources; and modern technologies in hydrogeology, including GIS-technology.
Training in geophysical research, the study of petrophysical parameters of rocks and mathematical processing of geological and geophysical data are performed in the Departments of Geophysics, Petroleum Geology and geoinformatics.
Geophysics is one of the most fundamental sciences and uses remote sensing to study physical processes and phenomena in the Earth. An important advantage of geophysical methods is the possibility of long-term automatic recording of geophysical information from deep in the earth using sensors on the Earth’s surface, the sea and in space.
Geophysics provides fundamental exploration for oil and gas fields under the surface of the land, seas and oceans. Geophysical methods are widely used for solving problems of theoretical geology, ecology, and in the search fro groundwater. The Department of Geophysics provides training in such specialties as the Physics of the Earth, Applied Geophysics, Environmental Geophysics and Computational Geophysics.
Geology of oil and gas deals with the forecasting, prospecting, exploration and geological background for the exploitation of oil and gas. In order to create complex geological models of industrial oil and gas fields, it is necessary to understand of conditions of formation of hydrocarbon traps collecting and processing geological and geophysical data by analytical studies using modern computer technology. The development of these skills is a mandatory part of the preparation of future professionals in petroleum geology.
Geoinformatics prepares specialists in the use and development of computer programs and mathematical methods for the analysis of geological information; informational support of land use; production of digital maps, exploration planning, design of geographical information systems.
For training, the faculty focuses on modern trends in education. To this aim, new curricular were developed to provide three levels of training: bachelor, specialist, and master. Bachelor’s degrees and specialization studies provide knowledge of the basic geological disciplines. The Master’s program continues advanced specialization training in the various professions.
Practical studies play an important role in training highly qualified specialists. The Faculty holds field schools in the Carpathians, Crimea, Pridniprovya and Polissya. After the third and fourth year students have further practical traning in academic research institutes, and in companies involved in the geological industries. Students who are fluent in a foreign language, are able to undergo practical training abroad.
The faculty boasts a geological museum, one of the best in Ukraine, an Information Technology section and research laboratories. Students under the guidance of experienced teachers gain experience in solving of theoretical problems and practical issues of geological science, master different methods of investigation, and participate in the development of new equipment.
Graduates of geological faculty are invited to work and to graduate school in academic institutes and institutions working in geological expeditions in the central and regional administration. Some graduates are invited to work in Canada, USA, Australia, in Western Europe and the CIS.